Assessments & State of Coast


Status of birds in the marine and coastal environment of the Nairobi Convention area: Regional Synthesis report
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Mauritius: National ecosystem assessment report on birds and habitats
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Decisions of the Second Conference of Parties to the Nairobi Convention (COP2)
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Decisions of the Fourth Conference of Parties to the Nairobi Convention (COP4)
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Final Act and The Amended Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Western Indian Ocean (Amended Nairobi Convention) as adopted on 31 March, 2010.
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Final Act and The Protocol for the Protection of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Western Indian Ocean from Land – Based Sources and Activities as adopted on 31 March, 2010.
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Report of the Sixth meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region
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Report of the Seventh meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region
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Report of the Fifth meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region
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Assessment of the Eastern Africa Coastal and Marine environment
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Seychelles Post-Tsunami Environmental Assessment : 2005
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Coastal and Marine Problems of Somalia. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 84
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Industrial Sources of Marine and Coastal Pollution in the East African region. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 7
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Management and Conservation of Renewable Marine Resources in the Indian Ocean Region: Overview. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 60
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Conservation of Coastal and Marine Ecosystems and Living Resources of the East African Region. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No.11
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Overview of Land-based Sources and Activities affecting the Marine, Coastal and Associated Freshwater Environments in the Eastern African Region: UNEP Regional Seas Report and Studies No.167
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Environmental Problems of East African Region. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 12
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Assessment of the Implementation of the Eastern African Action Plan and the Effectiveness of its Legal Instruments. UNEP Regional Seas Studies and Reports No. 150
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Western Indian Ocean Environment Outlook
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Management and Conservation of Renewable Marine Resources in the Eastern African Region. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No.66
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Regional State of the coast Report Western Indian Ocean

The Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region spans across a large latitudinal range, from the Somalia region, influenced by the strong monsoon regime of the northern Indian Ocean,to the southern...


CBD Technical Series 75 on Updated synthesis of impacts of ocean acidification on marine biodiversity

Ocean acidification has increased by around 26% since pre-industrial times In the past 200 years, it is estimated that the ocean has absorbed more than a quarter of the carbon dioxide released by...


Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis of Land-based Sources and Activities in the Western Indian Ocean Region.

This document presents the results of a series of investigations and expert analyses relating to land-based sources of pollution and other activities that cause the degradation of the coastal...


Regional Synthesis Report on the Policy, Legal, Regulatory and Institutional frameworks in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region.

The main purpose of the reports is to provide baseline knowledge of the gaps in the legal, policy, regulatory and institutional frameworks for dealing with Land-based Sources and Activities (LBSA...


Regional Synthesis Report on the Status of ratification of Environmental Conventions relevant to Land-based Sources and Activities in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region.

This is a Nairobi Convention Regional Report on the status of ratifications and implementation of international environmental conventions relevant to Land-based Sources and Activities (LBSA) as...


Regional Report on Municipal Wastewater Management in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region.

The marine and coastal environment of the countries of the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) is rich in biodiversity and associated natural resources. This is now threatened by uncontrolled discharge of...


Guidelines for the Establishment of Environmental Quality Objectives and Targets in the Coastal Zone of the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) Region

The Project “Addressing Land-based Activities in the Western Indian Ocean” (WIO-Lab) is a deliberate and conscious effort of the people of the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region (including Kenya,...


Report of the Fourth meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region

The fourth meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region (...


National Status Report for Comoros

Dans le souci d’assurer la protection de leurs ressources marines et côtières et, respectueux de leurs engagements individuels vis-à-vis de la communauté internationale, en matière d’environnement...


National Status Report for Kenya

This inaugural State of the Coast Report describes the status of Kenya’s coastal and marine environment, demographic and resource-use trends, current impacts and threats to sustainability, and...


National Status Report for France

La loi de 1964 (n°64-1245) pose le principe d’une gestion de l’eau par grands bassins versants, les bassins hydrographiques rattachés aux principaux fleuves français. Des établissements publics...


National Status Report for Madagascar

La culture du riz se trouve partout dans la zone côtière, mais elle est variable d’une zone à l’autre. La côte Ouest et Sud de Madagascar, caractérisées par la faiblesse des précipitations...


National Status Report for Mauritius

This report gives an overview of the state of the coastal and marine environment in Mauritius. This review was carried out in the context of the 5th Conference of parties for the Nairobi...


National Status Report for Mozambique

Moçambique tem uma linha de costa com cerca de 2.800 km de comprimento. Ocorrem várias dezenas de ilhas, cabos, baías e estuários ao longo do ambiente marinho e costeiro. O ambiente costeiro de...


National Status Report for Seychelles

The Seychelles archipelago (4–11°S and 45–56°E) is found in the Western Indian Ocean. It s made up of 115 islands and islets with a total terrestrial area of 445 km2 and Exclusive Economic Zone of...


State of the environment in Somalia: a desk study

The Indian Ocean Tsunami of 26 December 2004 affected part of Somalia, with most of the damage experienced in the north-east along a 650 km coastline stretching from Xafuun in the Bari region, to...


Rapport de la France - Convention de Nairobi 2013-2014

Rapport de la France - Convention de Nairobi 2013-2014

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National Status Report for Comoros

Dans le souci d’assurer la protection de leurs ressources marines et côtières et, respectueux de leurs engagements individuels vis-à-vis de la communauté internationale, en matière d’environnement...


National Status Report for Seychelles

The Seychelles archipelago (4–11°S and 45–56°E) is found in the Western Indian Ocean. It s made up of 115 islands and islets with a total terrestrial area of 445 km2 and Exclusive Economic Zone of...


State of the Coast Report: Towards Integrated Management of Coastal and Marine Resources in Kenya

This inaugural State of the Coast Report describes the status of Kenya’s coastal and marine environment, demographic and resource-use trends, current impacts and threats to sustainability, and...


Technical Discussion Paper on Climate Change and policy implications for the WIO region

Although the African continent contributes less that 4 per cent of total Green House Gas (GHG) emissions, it is one of the most vulnerable and least resilient to climate change. Climate change...


The Regional Conference on “Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation in the WIO region: Solutions to the Crisis”

The Regional Conference on “Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation in the WIO region: Solutions to the Crisis”, which was held at the Intercontinental Mauritius Resort Balaclava,...


Regional State of Coast Report-Summary for Policy Makers
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Developing area-based management tools in areas beyond national jurisdiction: possible scenarios for the Western Indian Ocean

Marine areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ)1 represent around half of the Planet’s surface and host a significant portion of its biodiversity. These areas are under increasing pressure from...


Status of Birds and their Habitats in the Marine and Coastal Environment of Tanzania

Tanzania is one of the countries within the Western Indian Ocean region rich in coastal and marine fauna and flora (Richmond 2002). This region constitutes a bio‐geographical area of fairly...


Status of Birds and their Habitats in the Marine and Coastal Environment of South Africa

South Africa, situated as it is at the southern tip of Africa and the confluence of two oceans, has an extraordinary wealth of biodiversity. This national heritage extends to the marine and...


Status of Birds and their Habitats in the Marine and Coastal Environment of Somalia

Somalia has one of the most extensive coastlines in Africa and one that has been largely undeveloped. The coastal waters are highly productive due to a seasonal upwelling system. In the coastal...


Status of Birds and their Habitats in the Marine and Coastal Environment of Seychelles

The Seychelles has an advanced programme of marine conservation and identification of marine IBAs. Nature Seychelles is leading on a GEF‐funded project using high‐resolution tools to assess marine...


Status of Birds and their Habitats in the Marine and Coastal Environment of Mozambique

Mozambique has a long coastline, which encompasses three ecoregions rich in biodiversity, including birds. The coastal biodiversity richness and variability of habitat attract both residents and...


Status of Birds and their Habitats in the Marine and Coastal Environment of Madagascar

The main objective of the national report is to document the status of birds and their habitats in the marine and coastal environment as indicators of marine and coastal ecosystem health.
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STATUS OF BIRDS AND THEIR HABITATS IN THE MARINE AND COASTAL ENVIRONMENT OF KENYA

Kenya has one of the countries with the richest biodiversity in Africa due to its diverse habitats. However, this biodiversity is faced with intense pressure resulting from increasing population...


Status of Birds and their Habitats in the Marine and Coastal Environment of French Overseas Territories

The Nairobi Convention was adopted in 1985 by ten Eastern African and Western
Indian Ocean countries. It aims promote appropriate conservation initiatives for rare,
depleted or...


Status of Birds and their Habitats in the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Comoros

Data and information for this report was compiled by Engagement Communautaire pour Developpement Durable (ECDD); Bristol Conservation and Science Foundation’s (BCSF) with support from BirdLife...


Assessment of Management Effectiveness in Selected Marine Protected Areas in the Western Indian Ocean

This report provides results of testing the Workbook for Assessing Management Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas in the Western Indian Ocean at eight pilot sites in three countries. The...


Eastern Africa Atlas of Coastal Resources: Tanzania

The atlas is written in non-technical language to make it easy to understand and use. It is hoped that the information contained in it will establish a new baseline of practical information to...


Eastern Africa Atlas of Coastal Resources: Federal Islamic Republic of Comoros

This manual is designed to allow a comprehensive approach to coastal and marine environment the islands of the Comoros and its human uses.

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Eastern Africa Atlas of Coastal Resources: 1: Kenya

Kenya has over 600 kilometres of coastline and this is one of the most important components of our nation’s rich heritage. The highly productive ecosystems found in our coastal areas play a...


Economic Analysis of Mangrove Forests: A case study in Gazi Bay, Kenya

The report features a detailed economic analysis of the mangrove forest in Gazi Bay, Kenya. It promotes the ecosystem as a valuable source of income for the local community. The results and...


A Regional Overview & Assessment of Marine Litter Related Activities in the West Indian Ocean Region

The study aims to collate existing information about marine litter in the Region and use it to determine whether or not there is a need to be concerned, and to recommend a way forward. This report...