THE 2030 AGENDA - AN INTRODUCTION
The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a universal plan of action for people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnerships. It calls for radical changes that reduce poverty and inequality, while at the same time tackling environmental issues that undermine social goals.To achieve success by 2030 will require an integrated, indivisible and transformative approach that embraces the three dimensions of sustainable development equally-economic, environmental and social.
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets demonstrate the scale and ambition of this universal agenda. 19 targets out of 169 targets explicitly mention the word 'Technology' and thus have a direct link. In addition, 24 targets out of 169 targets have technology as an indirect enabling role. Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) are a major means of implementation for all SDGs. They particularly speak to the universal and integrated nature of SDGs and the 2030 Agenda. STI but in particular Technology can play a strong catalytic role that can benefit multiple SDGs at the same time.
For example, one of the key environmental factors highlighted in the Healthy Environment, Healthy People report includes the fact that Air pollution is the world’s largest single environmental risk to health.(nearly 7 million people across the world die each year due to everyday exposure to poor air quality). Directly tackling the inter-linkages between environment and human health presents new and interwoven opportunities to meet the SDGs in a more cost-effective and beneficial manner. To "ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages" (SDG3) - which includes a specific target related to air quality - cannot be achieved over the long term without explicit action on terrestrial ecosystems (SDG15), oceans (SDG14), cities(SDG11), water and sanitation (SDG6), energy (SDG7), climate change (SDG13), sustainable consumption and production patterns (SDG12), equality(SDG10), gender equality( SDG5), education (SDG4), peace, justice and strong institutions (SDG16), as well as partnerships, technology and finance (SDG17).
UN ENVIRONMENT'S ENGAGEMENT
- UN Environment is committed to working with all concerned parties to support the implementation of sustainable development
- UN Environment promotes environmental sustainability as a crucial enabling factor in implementing the SDGs and ensuring the health of our planet
- UN Environment’s goal is to support countries by ensuring integration of the environmental dimension in sustainable development and building country capacity to track progress.
UN Environment aligns its strategic planning to the 2030 Agenda and strengthens embedded interactions with the rest of the UN system to build universality and partnerships while addressing emerging environmental issues. More information on UN Environment’s contribution to the 2030 Agenda can be found here and Mapping of synergies related to SDGs is available here.
TECHNOLOGY FACILITATION MECHANISM
Technology Facilitation Mechanism (TFM) is a key means of implementation for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and for the successful delivery of the Agenda 2030 for sustainable development worldwide. TFM has three main components which include 1. A United Nations Interagency Task Team on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs (IATT), including the 10- Member Group of representatives from civil society, the private sector and the scientific community ( UN Environment and United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs are coordinators), 2. A collaborative Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs (STI Forum) and 3. An online platform as a gateway for information on existing STI initiatives, mechanisms and programs.